Mit dem Grand Slam und dem Sieg bei Olympia in Seoul schaffte Steffi Graf etwas Einmaliges. Finalgegnerin Gabriela Sabatini war. Diese acht Spieler haben während ihrer Laufbahn alle vier Grand-Slam-Turniere gewonnen. Steffi Graf ist die erfolgreichste deutsche Sportlerin aller Zeiten. Über Jahre dominierte sie das Damentennis weltweit. Doch das Jahr war.
"Golden Slam": Mit diesem einzigartigen Erfolg machte sich Steffi Graf zur LegendeVor 30 Jahren gelang Steffi Graf etwas, was in der Tenniswelt einzigartig ist: Der Golden Slam – der Gewinn aller vier Grand Slam Titel in. Die Liste der Sieger der Grand-Slam-Turniere im Dameneinzel listet alle Siegerinnen bei den bisher Steffi Graf (, mit den Olympischen Spielen, den sogenannten Golden Slam), Margaret Court () und Maureen Connolly (). Mit dem Grand Slam und dem Sieg bei Olympia in Seoul schaffte Steffi Graf etwas Einmaliges. Finalgegnerin Gabriela Sabatini war.
Golden Slam Gewinner "Gewinner" mit X Buchstaben (unsere Lösungen) VideoSteffi Graf's 22 Grand Slam Championship Points
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Each tournament is played over a two-week period. The Australian and United States tournaments are played on hard courts , [a] the French on clay , and Wimbledon on grass.
Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in , followed by the US in , the French in , and the Australian in However the French Championships was not considered a major before —25, when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments.
Skipping majors—especially the Australian Open because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates around Christmas and New Year's Day and the low prize money—was not unusual before The term Grand Slam, without qualification, and also originally, refers to the achievement of winning all four major championships within a single calendar year within one of the five events: men's and women's singles; men's and women's doubles, and mixed doubles.
In doubles, one team may accomplish a Grand Slam playing together or one player may achieve it with different partners. Winning the four majors in consecutive tournaments, but not in the same year is known as a non-calendar year Grand Slam, while winning all four majors at any point during the course of a career is known as a career Grand Slam.
Winning the gold medal at the Summer Olympic Games in addition to the four majors in one calendar year is known as a "golden Grand Slam" or more commonly the "Golden Slam".
Also, winning the year-end championship known as ATP Finals for men's singles and doubles disciplines, and WTA Finals for both women's disciplines in the same period is known as a "Super Slam".
Together, all four majors in all three disciplines singles, doubles, and mixed doubles are called a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles. No player, male or female, has ever won all twelve events in one calendar year, although a "career boxed set" has been achieved by three female players.
The term slam for winning all of the tricks in the whist family card games see also whist terms is attested from early in the 17th century. Grand slam for all of the tricks, in contrast to small slam or little slam for all but one, dates from early in the 19th century.
Tennis has a long history of adopting golf custom and Grand slam appears to have entered tennis not directly from card sport but via golf as it was used since , when Bobby Jones won the four major championships, two British and two American tournaments.
Although John F. Kieran of The New York Times is widely credited with first applying the term "grand slam" to tennis to describe the winning of all four major tennis tournaments in a calendar year,  sports columnist Alan Gould had used the term in that connection almost two months before Kieran.
The possibility of being the reigning champion of all the current four majors did not exist until —25, when the International Lawn Tennis Federation designated the Australasian, French before only open to members of French tennis clubs , British and American championship tournaments as the four majors.
It has been possible to complete a Grand Slam in most years and most disciplines since It was not possible from to because of interruptions at Wimbledon, the Australian and French opens due to the Second World War, the years from to when there was no Australian tournament in mixed doubles, and when there was no Australian Open at all.
Phil Dent has pointed out that skipping majors—especially the Australian Open—was not unusual then, before counting major titles became the norm.
Beginning in , when the first Australian Open was held on the Milton Courts at Brisbane, the tournament was open to all players, including professionals, who at that point were prohibited from playing the traditional circuit.
The tournament was won by Arthur Ashe. In terms of the current four majors, the first to win all four in a single year was Don Budge , who completed the feat in To date, 17 players have completed a Grand Slam, though only six in the most prestigious singles titles.
Of these players, three have won multiple majors: Rod Laver accomplished the feat twice in men's singles; Margaret Court accomplished the feat three times, in two different disciplines — once in women's singles and twice in mixed doubles; and Esther Vergeer completed a grand slam twice in Women's wheelchair doubles.
The four Junior disciplines, boys' and girls' singles and doubles, provide limited opportunities to achieve a Grand Slam. Players are only eligible from age 13 to 18, with year-olds likely to hold a physical advantage.
Although groups variously identified as the Men's International Professional Tennis Council , "abetted primarily by some British tennis writers",  and "European tennis journalists"  had advocated for the ITF to change the definition of "Grand Slam", ITF General Secretary David Gray made it clear that this was not going to happen.
In a letter to tennis journalist Paul Fein, Gray clarified:. There seems to be some confusion. The ITF's plan was to offer the cash bonus for three years, apparently to encourage players to compete in all four major tournaments as much as to reward success at them.
Even before the ITF had announced their bonus, the Grand Slam controversy had taken on a life of its own. Writing in , Neil Amdur claimed, "Now the sport spins nervously under the influence of big dollars and even bigger egos, and tradition has almost gone the way of white balls and long flannels [ But changing what the Grand Slam is all about is like a baseball player believing that he 'hit for the cycle' after slugging a single, double and triple in the first game of a doubleheader and a home run in his first time at bat in the second game.
Such confusion continued for years. However, the ambiguous way the ITF described the Grand Slam in their Constitution led to journalists continuing to make the same assumption as Vecsey over two decades later.
For instance, when Rafael Nadal was on the verge of completing a non-calendar year Grand Slam at the Australian Open , one writer observed, "Most traditionalists insist that the 'Grand Slam' should refer only to winning all four titles in a calendar year, although the constitution of the International Tennis Federation, the sports governing body, spells out that 'players who hold all four of these titles at the same time achieve the Grand Slam'.
Players who hold all four of these titles in one calendar year achieve the 'Grand Slam'. When Martina Navratilova won the French Open and became the reigning champion of all four women's singles events, she was the first player to receive the bonus prize in recognition of her achievement.
Some media outlets did, indeed, say that she had won a Grand Slam. Combining the Grand Slam and non-calendar year Grand Slam, the total number of times that players achieved the feat of being the reigning champion in all four majors expands to Three women have won four or more consecutive major titles since , with Navratilova taking six in a row in — On the men's side, Novak Djokovic was the first singles player since Rod Laver to hold all four major titles at once, which he accomplished between Wimbledon and the French Open.
Prior to the Open Era , Don Budge received the same accolades in winning the French Championships in , but then completed the more prestigious Grand Slam at the US Championships , giving him six majors in a row, the only male to ever win more than four consecutive major tournaments.
The Bryan brothers Bob and Mike were the last to achieve a non-calendar year Grand Slam in men's doubles.
Several players and teams came up one title short. Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde , known collectively as The Woodies , reached the final of the French Open while holding all the other three titles, but lost to Yevgeny Kafelnikov and Daniel Vacek.
In singles, Pete Sampras lost the French Open quarterfinal to fellow countryman Jim Courier , having won the previous three majors. Roger Federer in and , and Novak Djokovic in repeated this, both ultimately losing the French Open final to Rafael Nadal.
In Novak Djokovic repeated this one more time, but lost in semifinal to Dominic Thiem. Nadal himself was prevented from achieving this feat by his countryman David Ferrer , who defeated him in the quarterfinal of the Australian Open , which Nadal entered holding the other three major titles.
In women's singles, Monica Seles lost the Wimbledon final to Steffi Graf , having won the previous three majors.
Martina Hingis had a chance to achieve the feat in the , but lost to Seles in the French Open semifinal. The following list is for those players who achieved a non-calendar Grand Slam by winning four or more consecutive titles, but who failed to win the Grand Slam during the same streak.
The career achievement of all four major championships in one discipline is termed a Career Grand Slam in that format. Dozens of players have accomplished that column two and 17 have doubled it: won a second championship in each of the four majors in one format column three.
Two or more career championships in all four majors is sometimes called a "Multiple Slam Set". Three players have Multiple Slam Sets in two formats, one in three formats, so 22 players are counted in the table column three.
Their achievements are tabulated below. Eight men and ten women have won Career Grand Slams in singles play rows one and two ; among them two men and five women have at least two Career Grand Slams in singles column three.
Several singles players have won three major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam, grouped by the missing Grand Slam tournament:.
Several doubles players have won three major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam, grouped by the missing Grand Slam tournament:.
Court, Hart and Navratilova are the only three players to have completed a "Career Boxed Set", winning all four titles in singles, doubles, and mixed doubles; this has never been done by a male player.
The remainder of this section is a complete list, by format, of all players who have won the Career Grand Slam. Players are ordered chronologically by their completion of the Career Grand Slam.
The major tournament at which the Career Grand Slam was achieved is indicated in bold. Eight men have won all four major tournaments. The US Open changed its surface from grass to clay in and then to hard court in The Australian Open changed from grass to hard court in The last four players Agassi, Federer, Nadal, Djokovic achieved their career grand slam on three different surfaces: hard court, clay, and grass.
Each woman's "first wins" in the four majors are listed chronologically and their ages upon completion of the Career Grand Slam are given in brackets.
At Women's Doubles, 21 players have won the career Slam, including ten who achieved the Career Grand Slam with a unique partner.
Nine of the 21 achieved at least a double Career Grand Slam at Women's Doubles, led by Martina Navratilova with seven or more titles in each major.
At Mixed Doubles, a total of 17 players have won the career Slam, including seven who won all four events with the same partner — an odd number because Margaret Court accomplished a career Grand Slam separately with Ken Fletcher and Marty Riessen.
Four of the 17 players have accomplished multiple career Grand Slams in mixed doubles, led by Margaret Court's quadruple Slam. Helen Wills Moody won all 16 of the Grand Slam singles tournaments she played beginning with the U.
Championships and extending to the Wimbledon Championships not counting her defaults in the French and Wimbledon Championships. During this period, she won 6 Wimbledons, 4 French Championships, and 6 U.
She also won the Olympics during this period. Moody never entered the Australian Championships. Doris Hart won all 13 of the Grand Slam mixed doubles tournaments she played beginning with the French Championships and extending to the U.
During this period, she won 5 Wimbledons, 3 French Championships, and 5 U. In Margaret Court won a record nine titles out of twelve available to a player in the same year: the singles, doubles and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam tournaments.
In Martina Navratilova reached Finals in all Grand Slam events held that year, equaling the record of eleven final appearances set by Court in and repeated a year later.
Only twelve unique players - nine women and three men - have won at least six major championships in one calendar year. Tennis was an Olympic sport from the inaugural Summer Olympics to the Games , then was dropped for the next 64 years except as a demonstration sport in and before returning in As there were only three major championships designated by the International Lawn Tennis Federation before , none of the tennis players who participated in the Olympics between and had a chance to complete a Golden Grand Slam.
However, there was a possibility to complete a Career Golden Grand Slam by winning the Olympics or Olympics plus each of the four grand slams, all of which were present from onwards.
Only one player has completed the Golden Slam:  . Winning four consecutive Grand Slam tournaments and Olympic event in the period of twelve months, although not in the same year, is called a "Non-calendar year Golden Slam".
After they won the final at Wimbledon, this was coined the "Golden Bryan Slam". A player who wins all four Grand Slam tournaments and the Olympic gold medal or a Paralympic gold medal during his or her career is said to have achieved a Career Golden Slam.
The event at which the Career Golden Slam was achieved is indicated in bold. Soon after the Open Era began in , the new professional tours each held a year-end championship YEC , which are elite tournaments involving only the top performers of the given season.
Players who have won three of the four Grand Slam tournaments in the same year. Championships final against Fred Perry , then tired in the heat and lost the last two sets and the match.
Note 1: From to , the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year. Note 2: Until , Wimbledon have never hosted singles tournament for wheelchairs.
The Triple Crown refers to winning the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles titles at one event, in the same week. Doris Hart for example attained her first Triple Crown after playing three Wimbledon final matches held in one single day.
Another Grand Slam-related accomplishment is winning a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles — which is at least one of every possible type of major championship available to a player: the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam events of the year.
This has never been accomplished within a year or consecutively across two calendar years. The Career Boxed Set refers to winning one of every possible grand slam title singles, doubles, mixed over the course of an entire career.
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Den folgenden Spielerinnen gelang im Laufe ihrer Karriere ein Sieg bei jedem der vier Grand-Slam-Turniere, wenn auch nicht unbedingt innerhalb eines Jahres oder in direkter Folge:.
Die folgenden Spieler konnten im Laufe ihrer Karriere alle vier Grand-Slam-Turniere im Doppel gewinnen, wenn auch nicht unbedingt innerhalb eines Jahres oder in direkter Folge:.
Die folgenden Spielerinnen konnten im Laufe ihrer Karriere alle vier Grand-Slam-Turniere im Doppel gewinnen, wenn auch nicht unbedingt innerhalb eines Jahres oder in direkter Folge:.
Siege bei allen vier Grand-Slam-Turnieren in einem Jahr sowie zusätzlich der Gewinn der Goldmedaille beim olympischen Tennisturnier werden inoffiziell als Golden Slam bezeichnet.
Bisher gelang ein solcher Erfolg nur Steffi Graf im Jahr Zwischen und gehörte Tennis nicht zum Programm der Olympischen Spiele, so dass vor Graf ein Golden Slam theoretisch nur viermal möglich gewesen wäre , , , Leichte haft.
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