Mixed Martial Arts ist eine Vollkontakt-Kampfsportart. Populär geworden ist MMA Anfang der er Jahre durch die Organisation Ultimate Fighting Championship, dem weltweit größten Veranstalter dieser Art von Turnieren und deren Übertragung im. Populär geworden ist MMA Anfang der er Jahre durch die Organisation Ultimate Fighting. Home · DAS ist ranFIGHTING · Kampfsport News · ran FIGHTING Ticketshop · ran FIGHTING auf YouTube · Boxen · MMA · Kickboxen · Weitere Kampfsportarten.
Mixed Martial Arts - Prügelei oder Sport?Home · DAS ist ranFIGHTING · Kampfsport News · ran FIGHTING Ticketshop · ran FIGHTING auf YouTube · Boxen · MMA · Kickboxen · Weitere Kampfsportarten. Die Sportart ist in Deutschland höchst umstritten – Mixed Martial Arts wird vor allem Die weltweit größte MMA-Organisation „Ultimate Fighting. Es gibt viele Kampfsportarten auf der Welt. Und es gibt Mixed Martial Arts (MMA). Abgeleitet vom brasilianischen Vale tudo ("alles geht") wurde.
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The sport also received a boost from The Ultimate Fighter reality TV show, which first aired in The show traditionally features fighters looking to break into the UFC.
Divided into teams under celebrity fighter coaches, combatants live under the same roof and fight each other in a knockout format, with the final winner earning a UFC contract.
Beginning in , women also appeared on The Ultimate Fighter both as coaches and as competitors. The UFC was instrumental in pushing for a set of rules to standardize the sport globally, and by regulatory bodies in the United States and many fighting promotions worldwide had adopted standards known as the Unified Rules of Mixed Martial Arts.
Under these rules, MMA participants compete in a ring or a fenced area, and they fight using padded fingerless gloves but do not wear shoes or headgear.
They may strike, throw, kick, or grapple with an opponent, and attacks may be launched either from a standing position or on the ground.
Downward elbow strikes, throat strikes, and strikes to the spine or to the back of the head are also illegal, as are certain attacks against a grounded opponent, including kicking or kneeing the head.
If a fighter violates a rule, the referee may issue a warning, deduct points, or—particularly when a flagrant foul is deemed to have been committed—disqualify the offending contestant.
Under the Unified Rules, non-championship MMA fights consist of three five-minute rounds, with a one-minute break between each round.
Championship bouts are set for five rounds. A fighter can win a bout by knocking out the other fighter or by forcing an opponent to submit either by tapping with his hand or verbally indicating that he has had enough.
In the United States, MMA referees and judges are assigned by state athletic commissions, which also conduct medical and drug tests on fighters.
Weight classes in MMA vary by region or organization. The upper weight limits of these classes are as follows: strawweight, pounds 52 kg ; flyweight, pounds 57 kg ; bantamweight, pounds 61 kg ; featherweight, pounds 66 kg ; lightweight, pounds 70 kg ; welterweight, pounds 77 kg ; middleweight, pounds 84 kg ; light heavyweight, pounds 93 kg ; and heavyweight, pounds kg.
While the UFC has no formal super heavyweight division for fighters weighing more than pounds, some MMA organizations recognize the weight class.
Mixed martial arts Article Media Additional Info. Bernick speculates that the cumulative damage over time from lesser blows may eventually prove an even more important topic of study than that of infrequent concussions.
There have been seven known deaths in MMA to date. Since , there have been six fatalities in mixed martial arts matches. The first was the death of Sam Vasquez on November 30, The second death stemming from a sanctioned mixed martial arts contest occurred in South Carolina on June 28, , when year-old Michael Kirkham was knocked out and never regained consciousness.
He was pronounced dead two days after the fight. No evidence of brain trauma or concussion was found and the initial autopsy has proved inconclusive.
Coroner Rae Wooten explained that his death may likely have been from an irregular heartbeat caused by over exertion; however whether or not his death was a direct result of his fight remains a mystery.
He was unable to make a recovery, and after one week in the hospital he was pronounced dead. The Portuguese fighter was beaten by technical knockout in a fight on 9 April against Charlie Ward , and fell ill twenty minutes after the fight.
He was taken immediately to Beaumont hospital, where he underwent emergency brain surgery, but died two days later. On July 15, after a TKO loss resulting from unanswered punches in the second round of his fight, 37 year old Donshay White became unresponsive and collapsed in his locker room and was rushed to the KentuckyOne Health Sts.
MMA in Australia is permitted in all States and Territories of Australia by various combat sports authorities and organizations. There is debate about the use of the cage, which was banned in Victoria in  and then relegalized in MMA is legal in Bahrain.
MMA is tolerated in Belgium but not supported. Active in developing MMA in Belgium from , the group later redefined their activities to include MMA in order to be able to use a cage.
Registered as a federation in Belgium in , the former Belgian Shooto and MMA Federation organized more than MMA bouts Amateur, B class and A class , and built a structure for the sport nationally that included insurance, rules and regulation, and experience levels for fighters and technical seminars.
Appearing on professional basis around —, MMA is a new sport in Bulgaria and growing rapidly. With a strong wrestling and boxing culture in the region, general interest in the sport is huge.
However, it remains unregulated. The federation's registration to the Ministry of Justice was approved in June and its application for formal recognition by the Ministry of Sport is in its advanced stages.
Television channel MYTV holds its KWC promotion under the sanctioning of the Cambodian Boxing Federation, responsible for sanctioning all boxing and Kun Khmer events in the country, in direct contrast to the situation in neighbouring Thailand.
For many years, professional MMA competitions were illegal in Canada. Section 83 2 of the Canadian Criminal Code deemed that only boxing matches where only fists are used are considered legal.
The bill formally gives provinces the power to create athletic commissions to regulate and sanction professional mixed martial arts bouts.
In Denmark, Mixed Martial Arts may be practiced but is not an official or legally regulated sport. The Federation was publicly launched on Friday November 24, inviting Danish MMA organizations, gyms and academies to sign up as members.
The CNMMA had worked over four years to put an educational structure in place, including a technical system for the safe progression from grass-roots level, all the way up to the top professional level.
There exist multiple bodies of association and federations which offer services to organize Mixed martial Arts events across India.
MMA competition has been legal in Japan since at least the mids, when Pancrase fights began to be held.
The federation comprises representatives of ten states out of fourteen in Malaysia. In Norway, professional MMA is illegal. In the "Merkekamper" concept was introduced by the NMMAF, with government sanctioning, which enables member MMA gyms to hold events with sparring matches, but governed by strict rules concerning how hard a fighter is permitted to strike.
This is in line with government requirements for all sport federations in Portugal which stipulates that they consist of at least three associated, non-profit groups.
Based in Bucharest, Romania AGON club was founded in its present legal form in June , following a long period of time of acting under different other organisations, with Gheorghe Stanciu elected as its president.
Many major international MMA fights are held at stadiums in Taiwan every year. Additionally, many martial arts schools and gyms in Taiwan provide professional level MMA training.
In , the Sports Authority of Thailand banned competitions. Jussi Saloranta, the owner of Thailand's only MMA promotion, DARE Fight Sports, revealed that his lawyers found that the ban was actually premature, and that from a legal standpoint, there is no law banning mixed martial arts in the country, suggesting that the SAT's ban was more of a scare tactic.
DARE continue to showcase events, informing fans only at the last minute through texts on the day of the event, and presenting the videos on YouTube as The Most Dangerous Gameshow.
Dare Fight Sports is currently the only MMA organization in Thailand to be officially sanctioned and publicized by the tourism authority of Thailand , although there are new MMA organizations appearing around the country.
Montana has a state athletic commission, although it does not regulate MMA. However, MMA is legal in both states. West Virginia became the 44th state to regulate mixed martial arts on March 24, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For the fighting styles that combine arts, see Hybrid martial arts. For other uses, see MMA disambiguation. Full contact combat sport.
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In a sport where everyone loses, these men beat the best of the best and held off the inevitable for the longest.
Few men in any field can lay claim to such accomplishment and influence over their own sport. That is something to be applauded, examined and appreciated—not bickered over.
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Retrieved December 13, One Dragon Martial arts. Ed Wedding. Voir le chapitre NAC Dedge's death inevitably brings up the issue of safety in NHB.
MMA mixed martial arts events are inherently dangerous. Death, which is not uncommon in many other "safer" athletics, is inevitable in NHB.
Those who tout NHB as a safer sport than boxing should take note of the following: Kevin Neuendorf, a media and public relations assistant at USA Boxing, the governing organization for U.
And these are only amateur bouts. The number of pro boxing fights around the world very likely far exceeds this number. UFCs ultimate fighting competitions have been around since with an average of 7 fights per event and 5 shows per year.
The total number of UFC matches has not exceeded in 5 years. Conservatively speaking, if there were 20 additional NHB organizations since with roughly the same number of fights as the UFCs, the sum of all MMA fights worldwide in 5 years would be under 3, and there's already one accounted death.
While it may be too early to tell, MMA risk for death appears to be at least two times higher than that of boxing.